District occupies an area of 1787 km² and has a population of 1,524,596 (as of 2001). It is surrounded by Araria and Supaul district in the north, Khagaria and Bhagalpur district in the south, Purnia district in the east and Saharsa district in the West. It is situated in the Plains of River Koshi and located in the Northeastern part of Bihar at longitude between 25°. 34 to 26°.07' and latitude between 86° .19' to 87°.07'.
Administrative Set up
The present Madhepura district had already got the status of subdivision on 09/05/1845 in which there were seven blocks. Saharsa district today was then the revenue circle of Madhepura at that time. When Saharsa became a district on 01/04/1954, Madhepura became its subdivision. Madhepura subdivision which had seven blocks at that time, was given the status of a district on 09/05/1981.On 21/05/83 Uda-kishunganj Block was upgraded and made a subdivision of Madhepura district in the name of Uda-kishunganj. Besides seven old blocks, four new blocks came in to existence in the year 1994. There were Gwalpara, Puraini, Bihariganj and Shankarpur. First thee blocks come under uda-kishunganj subdivision and last one is under Madhepura subdivision. Later on two more new blocks were constituted in the name of Ghailar and Gamaharia, under Madhepura subdivision in 1999.
District Profile Top
|State : Bihar ( 10 ) District : Madhepura ( 11 )|
|2001 Census||1991 Census|
|Area in Sq. Km||1788|
|No. of Subdivisions||2|
|No. of C.D.Blocks||13||7|
|No. of Villages|
|No. of UA's||-||-|
|No. of OG's||-||-|
|No. of Statutory Towns||2||3|
|No. of Census Towns||-||-|
|Most populous village in the district||Maura 33496|
|Least populous village in the district||Kewat Ram Subedar Jagir 9|
|Most populous C.D.Block||Madhepura 194620|
|Least populous C.D.Block||Gamaharia 65125|
|C.D Block having highest literacy rate|
|C.D Block having lowest literacy rate|
|Total||Alam Nagar 30.50|
|Town having highest literacy rate|
|Town having lowest literacy rate|
|Total||Murliganj (NA) 56.55|
|Female||Murliganj (NA) 45.32|
|State : Bihar ( 10 ) District : Madhepura ( 11 )|
|1||Population : Persons||1177706||1100869||76837||1526646||1458679||67967|
|2||Decadal growth rate :||22.16||29.63|
|4||Sex ratio (Total Population) :||885||891||802||915||919||838|
|5||Sex ratio ( 0 - 6 Population) :||942||940||984||927||927||930|
|6||Percentage of 0-6 Population : Persons||20.91||21.05||18.89||21.64||21.86||16.94|
|7||Percentage of Urban Population :||6.52||4.45|
|8||Literacy rate : Persons||27.72||25.88||53.35||36.07||34.54||66.86|
|9||Percentage of Main Workers : Persons||36.01||36.59||27.73||32.64||33.04||24.09|
|10||Percentage of Marginal Persons||1.67||1.71||0.99||12.16||12.49||5.13|
|Workers : Males||0.10||0.10||0.10||6.01||6.06||5.13|
|11||Percentage of Non Workers : Persons||62.32||61.70||71.28||55.20||54.47||70.78|
|12||Percentage of SC Population : Persons||16.34||16.70||11.17||17.06||17.33||11.38|
|13||Percentage of ST Population : Persons||0.71||0.73||0.32||0.61||0.63||0.23|
- Density :-
- Geographical Area :- 1792.50 Sq. K.m
- Main Crops :- Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Jute, Oil Seeds/Sunflower, Pulse
- Main Horticulture :- Mango, Banana, Guava, Coconut, Litchi
Madhepura district is situated between 25 31 and 26 20 latitude and in the middle of 86 36 to 87 07 longitudes. The maximum temperature of this district ranges from 35 to 40 degree Celsius and the minimum temperature varies from 7 to 9 degree Celsius. The average rail fall in this district is 1300mm.
Cultivating Land Utilization Top
The total areas of land for cultivation is 1,36,646 Hectare. Besides these, There is 1772 hectare of famished land which can be used for cultivation. 1272 hectare of barren land is covered with sand and rest areas of barren land is 3644 hectare. Procurement areas of paddy crop is 52165 hence, wheat is grown in 31431 hectare of land, maize in 34098 hectare of land, sugarcane is 801 hectare of land and potato is grown in 1442 hectare of land. Coconut Development Board, owned by Central Government, is situated in this district.
Facilities of Irrigation
Irrigation facilities to 77414 hectare of land are available in the district. The total number of state boring in the district is 3018 where as, 914 borings are owned and operated by the different people of this district. The total number of state tube wells in the district is only 31.
Industries and business
The condition of the industries and business is the district is beggar’s description due to the lock of proper development in the field of agriculture and industry. No big industry has been set up in the district. Even the condition of the small scale industries is not satisfactory. Only eight small scale industries are running in the district besides there, 2875 very small industries are running here.
The registered unit under factory act is 323 and 2981 persons are employed in there units. There are 200 marketing societies and 21 markets in the district under market management. 32 weekly markets are also held in this district. There are five nationalised banks in the district, giving their services to industrial and commercial areas with its 64 branches.
Animal wealth and poultry Top
The statistics of animal wealth and poultry in the district is as follows:
Buffalo (High breed) - 2177
Buffalo (General breed) - 109407
Cow (High breed) - 9285
Cow (General breed) - 165429
Along with the above statistics, there are about 222886 goats, 30580 pigs are tamed. Under poultry industries about 110720 ( Cocks and hens) are estimated.
The condition of the rural electrification is deplorable. Only 161 villages are electrified.
Facilities of rural Communication
In the matter of road communication, this district is the most backward of all the districts of Bihar. The length of metalled road in this district is only 317 km. and the total length of unmetalled road is 376 km. which is very less in Comparison to the total areas of the district. Besides these, there are 8 state dispensaries/sadar hospital,146 primary Health center,16 Animals hospitals and 3 artificial breeding centers in the districts.
Two Telegram offices and 102 post offices are functioning in the district.
There are 8 police stations, 6 subsidiary police station and 5 out posts are at work in the districts.
834 Govt. schools are imparting education in the districts. Bhupendra Narayan Mandal University is situated at the district headquarter, Madhepura and adding glory to the educational atmosphere of this district.
Administrative Set up Top
The district Divided in two Subdivision and 13 blocks and 13 circle.